Enchiladas are very traditional in Mexican cuisine, with their appearance varying according to the region in which they’re made – often appearing as a dish in themselves, or as an accompaniment to chicken or carne asada (sliced grilled beef).


The structure of an enchilada is always the same: a tortilla warmed quickly through a little bit of oil. Over the years, enchiladas have adopted a variety of names, but in fact the only difference between them all is the sauce used: if you serve them with green salsa, they are ‘enchiladas verdes’, if you serve them with sauce they are ‘enfrijoladas’ (corn tortillas in black bean sauce) or ‘empipianadas’ (enchiladas made with a pumpkin seed sauce known as pipían), and so on.


What you fill them with is entirely up to you, but popular favourites include: shredded chicken, beef, pork, shrimp or lobster and queso fresco (or mild feta); chopped onion and fresh cheese; or simply finely shredded lettuce, Mexican crema (crème fraîche is a great substitute), onion, crumbled fresh cheese, and long, thick slices of jalapeños.

This recipe comes from Sonora, a state in the northern region of Mexico.


Serves 6

40g unsalted butter
1kg higher-welfare pork fillet
3 cloves of garlic
1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar
1 sprig of fresh oregano
4 dry-roasted serrano chilli peppers
1 teaspoon plain flour

1. Place a large frying pan over a medium heat with 2 tablespoons of the butter. Cut the pork fillet into 6 pieces and fry in the pan for around 10 minutes, turning once, until browned all over.

2. Peel and finely chop the garlic then add to the pan along with the vinegar, oregano sprig and a pinch of sea salt.

3. Pour in 475ml of water. Bring to the boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 20 minutes.

4. Whiz the chillis in a food processor or blender until finely ground, then sprinkle them over the meat.

5. Melt the remaining butter in a small saucepan. Add the flour and cook, stirring continuously, for 2 minutes. Stir into the pan of meat, cover, and simmer for about 30 minutes or until the meat is tender.

6. Remove the pan from the heat and serve immediately with warm homemade tortillas.

Take a look at some more of our delicious Mexican recipes, or check out our gallery of celebratory Mexican meals for a festive gathering.

Recipe from Mexico: The Cookbook by Margarita Carrillo Arronte, published by Phaidon.